Most Common Surnames in French Guiana: A Look at the Guianese People's Heritage

In French Guiana, like in any other place around the world, surnames are an important part of people's identity. With a melting pot of cultures ranging from Indigenous, African, European, and Asian, it is not surprising that the surnames found in this South American department are diverse. In this article, we will be exploring the most common surnames in French Guiana and their origins.

Ranking Last Name Incidence Letters

Overview of French Guiana and Its Common Surnames

French Guiana, a department of France located on the northern coast of South America, is a melting pot of cultures, languages, and traditions. With a population of around 300,000, this region has a unique history and identity that have shaped its communities and, in turn, its surnames.

Understanding French Guiana's Multicultural Roots

As a former French colony, French Guiana's culture has strong ties to France. However, it's also been strongly influenced by its indigenous population, as well as the people brought over from Africa and other parts of the world during the country's colonial periods. Today, French Guianese people come from a diverse range of ethnic and cultural backgrounds.

Common French Guianese Surnames

Like many other countries and regions, French Guiana has its fair share of common surnames. Some of the most frequently encountered ones include:

  • Joseph
  • Lambert
  • Vidal
  • Francis
  • Barthélémy
  • Belle
  • Bertin
  • Clément
  • Colin
  • Lévêque

These surnames often reflect the varied cultural backgrounds and histories of French Guianese families. For example, some may be of African origin, while others may be of French or Caribbean origin.

The Importance of Surnames in French Guiana

As in many other countries and cultures, surnames are an important part of French Guianese identity. They're often passed down from generation to generation, and can provide insight into a family's history and heritage. In some cases, surnames can even indicate a person's social status or profession.

However, it's worth noting that French Guiana has a diverse population, and not everyone has a traditional, inherited surname. Some people may have adopted surnames later in life, or may use alternate or multiple surnames.


Exploring the list of common surnames in French Guiana can provide a glimpse into the region's history, culture, and society. With its multicultural roots and diverse population, French Guiana's surnames are just one aspect of the unique identity of this fascinating region.